Common EDI Vocabulary

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Term Definition
ID System (EPC Tags and readers)
The ID System is a component of the EPCglobal Network that consists of EPC tags and readers. EPC tags are radio frequency identification devices that consist of a microchip and an antenna attached to a substrate. The Electronic Product Code is stored on this tag, which is applied to cases, pallets, and/or items. EPC tags communicate their Electronic Product Codes to EPC readers using radio frequency identification. EPC readers communicate with EPC tags via radio waves and deliver information to local business information systems using EPC Middleware.
International Data Exchange Association. Organization based in Brussels that promotes the global expansion of EDI.
stands for intermediate document, is a standard data structure for electronic data interchange between application programs written for the popular SAP business system or between an SAP application and an external program. IDOCs serve as the vehicle for data transfer in SAP’s Application Link Enabling (ALE) system.
See Internet Engineering Task Force.
Implementation Guide
A publication listing EDI messages that are in use in a particular industry or application. It indicates how the information in those messages should be presented on a segment-by-segment, and data-element-by-data-element basis, including which segments and data elements are needed, which are not and what code values will be expected in the application of that particular message.
Industry Specific
Useful to only one particular group of companies grouped together by a common area of endeavor. In EDI it refers to the ability of an EDI Standard to be used by only one industry.
Interactive EDI
Two applications exchanging EDI directly within a pre-programmed context.
The exchange of information from one company to another. A group of transaction sets sent from one sender to one receiver at one time.
Interchange Control Header
The data segment that indicates and identifies the beginning of an interchange.
Interchange Control Trailer
The data segment that indicates the end of an interchange.
Interchange Envelope
Specific data transmission information in the header and trailer segments, representing an exchange between a single sender/receiver combination, ISA/IEA-approved.
Interchange Format
A specific data layout that defines a structured business document. The interchange format specifies the sequence, representation, and grouping of granular data elements, and may describe each element in terms of data type, options, cardinality, size, and valid values.
Two VAN’s who link to one another’s address.
Internet Engineering Task Force
A large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the internet architecture and the smooth operation of the internet.
A request for payment that communicates to a buyer the specific items, price, and quantities delivered that must be paid for by the buyer. Payment terms will usually accompany the billing information.
ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network
A set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services.
International Standards Organization. An international organization, working with the United Nations, that maintains the standards for all applications of technology and mechanics for global industry.
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